In order to propose new legal framework, we would like to answer the following questions:

What are benefits of using AI in criminal proceedings?
What are pitfalls of using AI in criminal proceedings?
What AI tools are currently used in European criminal justice systems? How are they perceived by lawyers and parties of the proceedings?
To what extent does AI in criminal proceedings pose a risk to fair trial rights?
Is the application of AI-based tools within the criminal justice system compatible with the rule of law?
Are current European and international level actions and proposals related to AI specific enough for criminal justice purposes?
What should the objective of a statutory horizontal framework at European level be?


Interdisciplinary, empirical, and comparative methodology ensures that the project keeps pace with technological developments in AI and addresses the particular challenges that legal practitioners face when AI is used in criminal proceedings.

The project started in October 2021 and will run until February 2025.

1st step

Background research (on legal, scientific and empirical level)

2nd step

Legal – comparative analysis in 6 countries (France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and the United States)

3rd step

Analysis of human rights issues connected with the use of AI tools in criminal justice systems

4th step

Interdisciplinary discussions on national and international levels

5th step

Formulation of new rules